Plethon, Laonikos Chalkokondyles and Herotodos as Divine Guide, lecture by Aslıhan Akışık Karakullukçu (İTÜ, İstanbul), RCAC, Koç University, June 20, 5–6 pm
There has been extensive debate concerning the exercise of Hellenic religion and/or philosophical paganism in the Renaissance, particularly in circles associated with the Neoplatonist Byzantine philosopher George Gemistos Plethon. I introduce new evidence that has implications for this debate: a fourteenth-century Herodotos manuscript copied by Nikolaos Triklines in Thessalonike, now Laurenziana Plut. 70.06. This manuscript was owned both by George Gemistos Plethon as well as his student Laonikos Chalkokondyles. Plethon left his mark on the manuscript by copying and inserting two folios. Laonikos composed an epigram on Herodotos, which he inserted on the last folio. Plut. 70.06, also, contains intriguing symbols, a crescent symbol and a conic symbol, inserted throughout the manuscript. This paper argues that these symbols, which were standard astronomical symbols for a star and the moon, provide proof for the exercise of a religion, focusing on the Hellenic divinities of Apollo and Artemis.