The Dover Fund, Society for the Promotion of Hellenic Studies

The Dover Fund, set up in honour of Sir Kenneth Dover, is administered by the Hellenic Society. Its purposes are:

  • to further the study of the history of the Greek language in any period from the Bronze Age to the 15th century AD, and
  • to further the edition and exegesis of Greek texts, including papyri and inscriptions, from any period within those same limits.

Grants from this Fund will be made for such purposes as visits to libraries, museums and sites. For instance, support may be offered to graduate students or young scholars outside the London area to enable them to take advantage of the excellent facilities of the Joint Library of the Hellenic and Roman Societies and the Institute of Classical Studies Library. The purpose of such support is to assist with travel, accommodation and subsistence costs, normally for up to a week. The sums awarded will vary according to the needs of the applicant, but most grants will be in the range £50–£400; larger grants may be made from time to time at the discretion of the committee.

Departmental Lecturer in the History of Art, University of Oxford

Departmental Lecturer in the History of Art, University of Oxford

Applications are invited for a two-year, fixed-term Lecturership in the History of Art, tenable from 1 October 2014.

Applications are invited from those with active research interests in any field of art history. Candidates should have a serious interest in the theory and methods of art history, which will constitute a major focus of much of the required teaching, on courses such as: ‘Introduction to the History of Art’; ‘Approaches to the History of Art’; ‘European Art, 1400-1800: Meaning and Interpretation’. The Lecturer will be required to give tutorials, lectures and classes at both undergraduate and graduate level, to engage in examining and administrative work, and to engage in independent research in art history. The appointment will be associated with a Stipendiary Lecturership at St Peter’s College and the appointee will provide undergraduate teaching in the History of Art at St Peter's College and Worcester College.

Doctoral Researcher, Institute for Early Christian and Byzantine Studies, KU Leuven

Doctoral Researcher, The Transmission of Knowledge in the Macedonian Renaissance Through the Florilegium of the Coislin Anthology, Institute for Early Christian and Byzantine Studies, KU Leuven

The Institute for Early Christian and Byzantine Studies is an internationally renowned research center which is staffed by two full professors and seven post- and pre-doctoral researchers as well as some associate members. It is home to the Series Graeca of the Corpus Christianorum, which publishes critical editions of Greek patristic and Byzantine texts. For our new project on "Knowledge Transfer in the Macedonian Renaissance" we are inviting applications from MA students and scholars from non-EEA countries to carry out doctoral research on the Byzantine Coislin Anthology.

The successful applicant will enroll in the doctoral study program of Greek Studies (KU Leuven Doctoral School for Humanities) and prepare within a period of four years a doctoral dissertation in Classical Studies, which ties in with the project on "Knowledge Transfer in the Macedonian Renaissance". The thesis involves a critical edition of books Delta and Epsilon of the Coislin Anthology, which can be published in the Series Graeca of the Corpus Christianorum.


  • MA in Classics at a non-EEA university
  • Excellent knowledge of Greek philology
  • Fluent in English
  • Willing to reside in the wider Leuven area for the duration of the appointment

Encyclopedia of Religious History

The editors of the forthcoming Encyclopedia of Religious History, Andrew Holt (Florida State College) and Florian Curta (University of Florida), have issued a call for contributors.

The Encyclopedia of Religious History is a three-volume, multi-disciplinary encyclopedia that considers pivotal events in religious history. Contributors are needed for short essays covering over 700 entries. Entries cover the span of human history and consider many religious traditions.

Entry lengths range: 750 or 1500 words; 3000 words for major topics. Each entry should include a brief bibliography (3–4 items) of key scholarly works on the topics.

Expressions of interest and questions about the project should be sent to Andrew Holt.

Source: BSANA listserv

Die große Arithmetik aus dem Codex Vind. phil. gr. 65

Stefan Deschauer. Die große Arithmetik aus dem Codex Vind. phil. gr. 65. Eine anonyme Algorismusschrift aus der Endzeit des Byzantinischen Reiches. Vienna,Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften: 2014.

From Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften

The anonymous Cod. Vind. phil. gr. 65 is one of the numerous Greek manuscripts bought by Augerius von Busbeck, a Habsburgian ambassador, in Constantinople in the middle of the 16th century. Since then, the codex has been kept in the Hofbibliothek of Vienna (today Österreichische Nationalbibliothek). Although it constitutes one of the most important mathematical manuscripts from the later Byzantine period, the two first chapters were transcribed by J. L. Heiberg only in the year 1899. In 1963 an expert edition of the so-called Aufgabensammlung (collection of problems), the smaller part of the manuscript, followed by H. Hunger and K. Vogel. A reliable edition of the greater part written by another scribe in the year 1436 and containing arithmetics, algebra, and geometry, is still lacking.

The author presents hereby an edition of the extensive arithmetical text – called “first book” by the scribe – with complete reproduction of the numerous diagrams, philological analyses and indexes, conveniently selected partial translations, and a comprehensive mathematical and historical comment understandable also for readers without profound mathematical background.

As template for the manuscript an unknown trattato d’abbaco has to be supposed because the Italian influences dominate. However, the scribe introduces the decimal position system with the Greek alphabetic numerals completed by a special sign (ɥ) for the empty position (0). In addition decimal fractions and calculation appear here for the first time in Europe, an achievement from the Islamic culture.


Postdoctoral Collaborators in Byzantine History, Archaeology and History of Art, Academy of Athens

Postdoctoral Collaborators in Byzantine History, Archaeology and History of Art, Academy of Athens

The Academy of Athens is searching for three postdocs to work on the research project, “Towards an institutional and social history of Byzantine Asia Minor on the evidence of seals and other sources (7th – 13th centuries).”

The Hypotyposis of the Monastery of the Theotokos Evergetis, Constantinople

In this volume, then, one finds not only this finely crafted exposition, but also, with measured voice, a careful unpacking and persuasive analysis of difficult texts concerning the Evergetis.

Richard H Jordan and Rosemary Morris. The Hypotyposis of the Monastery of the Theotokos Evergetis, Constantinople (11th–12th Centuries): Introduction, Translation and Commentary. Burlington, VT: Ashgate, 2012.

From The Medieval Review (TMR). Review by Glenn Peers, University of Texas at Austin


SPBS Art Handling Session

The Society for the Promotion of Byzantine Studies (SPBS) in conjunction with the British Museum is sponsoring a special handling session for SPBS members, especially those who do not often have access to Byzantine art.  

Chris Entwistle, Curator of the Late Roman and Byzantine Collections at the British Museum, will select a representative series of ivory, gold, glass and metal pieces from the fourth through fifteenth centuries CE to illustrate the depth of the Byzantine art collection at the British Museum.  He will explain the significance of the items and allow attendees the opportunity to examine them closely.

This programme is free for participants, but attendance is limited.  Only fifteen people can be accommodated in this session. Contact Elizabeth Buchanan if you would be like to attend. The attendance list will be compiled on the basis of early application.

Porphyra XXI (June 2014)

Porphyra XXI (June 2014)

Porphyra has issued a call for papers for issue XXI (June 2014). Articles relating to Byzantium and Byzantine culture from any discipline are welcome. Contribution in Italian, English, French, German, Spanish, and modern Greek are accepted.

Contributions should be submitted to

Herakles Inside and Outside the Church

Herakles Inside and Outside the Church: From the First Apologists to the End of the Quattrocento, University of University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand, June 23–26, 2015

The study of the reception of classical figures into Christianity is a recently renewed scholarly trend which overcomes decades of isolation between classicists and medievalists, while drawing attention to an often overlooked fact: the early Christian masses were none other than the recently converted, dissatisfied pagan citizens of the faltering Roman Empire. In those early days, Christian theologians zealously took up the task of debating and defining the self-projections of their flocks against the backdrop of pagan outrage typically embodied by the Roman emperors. However, in addressing their followers, early Christian theologians could not ignore the wealth of classical literature and philosophy as points of reference, recognizable by their audiences and powerful enough to warrant modification. Indeed, the majority of early Christian writers were themselves products of the pagan educational system and hence, well versed in pagan traditions. Their handling of Heracles, the most quintessential pagan hero known for his strength, his twelve labours, and his civilizing efforts as well as for his quick temper, lust and frenzied violence, the hero idealized by emperors such as Nero, Commodus and Maximian, is indicative of the urgency to reform pagan models in the Christian context, but, also, of the affinities between pagan and early Christian intellectual debates. Centuries later, while the Church was proclaiming the death of paganism, it was continuing to appropriate many pagan gods and heroes, including Heracles, into its service.

Our conference seeks papers on any aspect of the adoption/adaptation of Heracles from Late Antiquity to the end of the Quattrocento, including the use of his image in Christian and non-Christian context, and the use of his mythology in Christian and non-Christian literature (poetry, prose, didactic, polemic, libretti, etc.). Panel proposals would be welcome.

Nonnus of Panopolis in Context

Konstantinos Spanoudakis. Nonnus of Panopolis in Context: Poetry and Cultural Milieu in Late Antiquity with a Section on Nonnus and the Modern World. Trends in Classics - Supplementary Volumes 24. De Gruyter, 2014.

From De Gruyter

Nonnus of Panopolis (fifth century CE) composed two poems once thought to be incompatible: the Dionysiaca, a mythological long epic with a marked interest in astrology, the occult, the paradox and not least the beauty of the female body, and a pious and sublime Paraphrase of the Gospel of St John. Little is known about the man, to whom sundry identities have been attached. The longer work has been misrepresented as a degenerate poem or as a mythological handbook. The Christian poem has been neglected or undervalued. Yet, Nonnus accomplished an ambitious plan, in two parts, aiming at representing world-history. This volume consists mainly of the Proceedings of the First International Conference on Nonnus held in Rethymno, Crete in May 2011. With twentyfour essays, an international team of specialists place Nonnus firmly in his time's context. After an authoritative Introduction by Pierre Chuvin, chapters on Nonnus and the literary past, the visual arts, Late Antique paideia, Christianity and his immediate and long-range afterlife (to modern times) offer a wide-ranging and innovative insight into the man and his world. The volume moves on beyond stereotypes to inaugurate a new era of research for Nonnus and Late Antique poetics on the whole.


A Cathedral on the Verge of Collapse: The Campaign to Save Mren

Constructed circa 638 AD, Mren is a masterpiece of world art and a product of the ‘Golden Age’ of Armenian architecture. Bearing an inscription naming the Roman emperor Heraclius, and a unique sculpted relief image of Heraclius returning Christendom’s greatest relic-the True Cross—to Jerusalem, Mren preserves precious material evidence for one of the most dramatic and yet poorly documented moments in history.

In February, Dr. Christina Maranci (Tufts University) spoke with writer Lucine Kasbarian about Mren Cathedral’s dire state of preservation. Read the interview.

The Cathedral of Mren is now a WMF Watch Site.

Byzantine Epirus: A Topography of Transformation

The immediate achievement of Byzantine Epirus is to situate this half-millennium of regional history within a longer, more dynamic narrative of geographic and social evolution that continues down to the present; its larger contribution may be to remind us to view the margins of political mainstreams on their own terms rather than through the lens of external control. Theoretically justified, clearly organized, and closely documented, this fresh reconsideration of a remote and beautiful mountainous land will be of lasting value.

Myrto Veikou. Byzantine Epirus: A Topography of Transformation: Settlements of the Seventh-Twelfth Centuries in Southern Epirus and Aetoloacarnania, Greece. The Medieval Mediterranean. Leiden: Brill, 2012.

From The Medieval Review (TMR). Review by Marcus Rautman, University of Missouri


Trade and Institutions in the Medieval Mediterranean

This is a magnificent book. Anyone wishing to make any claims regarding the relative strengths and weaknesses of Christian European and Islamic economic systems, and their long-term trajectories, will need to consider carefully Goldberg's findings.

Jessica L Goldberg. Trade and Institutions in the Medieval Mediterranean: The Geniza Merchants and their Business World. Cambridge Studies in Economic History. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2012.

From The Medieval Review (TMR). Review by Shami Ghosh, Independent Scholar


Heckman Stipends, HMML

Heckman Stipends, Hill Museum & Manuscript Library

Heckman Stipends, made possible by the A.A. Heckman Endowed Fund, are awarded semi-annually. Up to 10 stipends in amounts up to $2,000 are available each year. Funds may be applied toward travel to and from Collegeville, housing and meals at Saint John’s University, and costs related to duplication of HMML’s microfilm or digital resources. The Stipend may be supplemented by other sources of funding but may not be held simultaneously with another HMML Stipend or Fellowship. Holders of the Stipend must wait at least two years before applying again.

The program is specifically intended to help scholars who have not yet established themselves professionally and whose research cannot progress satisfactorily without consulting materials to be found in the collections of the Hill Museum & Manuscript Library.

Applications must be submitted by April 15 for residencies between July and December of the same year.

Swenson Family Fellowships in Eastern Christian Manuscript Studies for Junior Scholars, HMML

Swenson Family Fellowships in Eastern Christian Manuscript Studies for Junior Scholars, Hill Museum & Manuscript Library

The Swenson Family Fellowship in Eastern Christian Manuscript Studies, established in 2012, will be awarded semi-annually. The Fellowship was established by Dr. Gregory T. and Jeannette Swenson, with their son Nicholas Swenson.

The purpose of the Fellowship is to support residencies at HMML for graduate students or postdoctoral scholars with demonstrated expertise in the languages and cultures of Eastern Christianity. Awardees must be undertaking research on some aspect of Eastern Christian studies requiring use of the digital or microfilm manuscript collections at HMML. The program is specifically designed to aid new scholars in establishing themselves through research focused on manuscripts available through HMML. Postdoctoral scholars are understood to be those who at the time of application are within three years of being awarded a doctoral degree.

Awards will range from $2,500–$5,000, based on project proposal and length of residency (two to six weeks). Funds may be applied toward travel to and from Collegeville, housing and meals at Saint John’s University, and costs related to duplication of HMML’s microfilm or digital resources. The Fellowship may be supplemented by other sources of funding but may not be held simultaneously with another HMML fellowship. Holders of the Fellowship must wait at least two years before applying again. At its discretion, HMML may choose to award more than one fellowship per cycle.

Applications must be submitted by April 15 for residencies between July and December of the same year.

Nicky B. Carpenter Fellowship in Manuscript Studies, HMML

Nicky B. Carpenter Fellowship in Manuscript Studies, Hill Museum & Manuscript Library

The Nicky B. Carpenter Fellowship in Manuscript Studies was established in 2012 by Nicky B. Carpenter of Wayzata, Minnesota, a Lifetime Member and former chair of the HMML Board of Overseers.

The purpose of the Fellowship is to support residencies at HMML for research by senior scholars using the digital or microfilm manuscript collections at HMML.

The award is $5,000 in support of a residency of at least two weeks. Funds may be applied toward travel to and from Collegeville, housing and meals at Saint John’s University, and costs related to duplication of HMML’s microfilm or digital resources. The Fellowship may be supplemented by other sources of funding but may not be held simultaneously with another HMML fellowship. Holders of the Fellowship must wait at least two years before applying again.

Applications must be submitted by April 15 for residency between July 1–June 30.

Roman Dress in the Context of Palmyra

Roman Dress in the Context of Palmyra, a joint seminar between the The Danish National Research Foundation's Centre for Textile Research and the Palmyra Portrait Project, Aarhus University, May 1, 2014


Dressing up for religious action: Priestly dress in Palmyra
Rubina Raja (Palmyra Portrait Project)
Achilles’ new clothes – wall paintings as expressions of dress culture in Palmyra
Annette Højen Sørensen (Palmyra Portrait Project)
Depicting material qualities in Palmyrene limestone sculpture
Annette Schieck (Textile Museum Krefeld)
Roman imperial luxury dress
Berit Hildebrandt (Marie Curie Fellow)
Textiles and drapery in Palmyrene female portrait busts
Signe Krag (Palmyra Portrait Project)
Parthian robes as the costume of choice in the Palmyrene funerary portraits
Tracey Long (Palmyra Portrait Project)
Roman mourning clothes in the literary sources
Christopher Degelmann (Lived Ancient Religion, ERC project, University of Erfurt)

Must register by April 23, 2014.

Unrivalled Influence: Women and Empire in Byzantium

Herrin's mastery of her source materials, the breadth and variety of these materials, and the wealth of historical threads that she teases out of them make this far more than a retrospective collection of scholarly articles. This collection of articles draws together many aspects of Herrin's fertile and extensive research. It will become a valuable tool both for historians of women and for historians of the Byzantine state.

Judith Herrin. Unrivalled Influence: Women and Empire in Byzantium. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2013.

From The Medieval Review (TMR). Review by Kathryn M. Ringrose, University of California, San Diego


The Art of Travel: People and Things in Motion in the Early Modern Mediterranean

Session, College Art Association, 103rd Annual Conference, New York, February 11–14, 2015

For centuries artists, diplomats (ambassadors, consuls, and interpreters), and merchants served as cultural intermediaries in the Mediterranean. Stationed in port cities and other entrepôts of the Mediterranean, these go-betweens forged intercultural connections even as they negotiated and sometimes promoted cultural misunderstandings. They also moved objects of all kinds across time and space. Focusing on the early modern period from roughly 1600 to 1850, this session will consider how the mobility of art is intertwined with diplomatic and trade networks in the international arena of the Mediterranean. With theorist Arjun Appadurai, we consider “ways in which people find value in things and things give value to social relations,” investigating analogies and relationships between the work performed by artists, diplomats and merchants. How does the work of art participate in, foster, or resemble diplomatic negotiation or commercial exchange? Papers investigating any aspect of visual and material culture are welcome.

Panel organizer: Elisabeth Fraser, University of South Florida

Testing Indicates “Gospel of Jesus’s Wife” Papyrus Fragment to be Ancient

The fragment does not provide evidence that the historical Jesus was married but concerns an early Christian debate over whether women who are wives and mothers can de disciples of Jesus. (Karen L. King, “Jesus said to them, ‘My wife . . .'”: A New Coptic Papyrus Fragment)

Today’s New York Times published an article summarizing the results of analysis performed on the papyrus fragment known as the “Gospel of Jesus’s Wife,” which was first presented by Dr. Karen L. King (Hollis Professor of Divinity, Harvard Divinity School) at the International Coptic Congress in Rome in September 2012. The article coincides with the Harvard Divinty’s School’s press release announcing the results of testing of the papyrus and carbon ink, as well as analysis of the handwriting and grammar.

An introduction to the fragment, images of the fragment (digital, microscopic, and multi-spectral), and scientific reports (C-14 dating, Micro-Raman spectroscopy, and FR-IT testing) are available at HDS’s The Gospel of Jesus’s Wife 2014 Update.

Dr. King’s critical edition of the papyrus fragment is published in the latest volume of the Harvard Theological Review: Karen L. King. ““Jesus said to them, ‘My wife . . .'”: A New Coptic Papyrus Fragment.” Harvard Theological Review, volume 107, issue 02 (April 2014): pp. 131–159.

“Fair Greece, Sad Relic”: How Did Byzantium Reform Classical Greek Art?

Robin Cormack, professor emeritus of art history, Courtauld Institute of Art, University of London. When Lord Byron went to Greece in 1810, it was the art and culture of antiquity that attracted him. The appreciation of the art of Christian Greece is very modern. Sometimes this Byzantine art is seen as a “decline” from classical art and sometimes as a new and progressive art form. In this lecture recorded on February 27, 2014, at the National Gallery of Art, Robin Cormack considers ways of looking at Byzantine art on the basis of the Gallery’s exhibition Heaven and Earth: Art of Byzantium from Greek Collections. This program was coordinated with and supported by Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection.

Editorial Assistant, Classics, Archaeology and Anthropology, Routledge

Routledge is looking to recruit an enthusiastic and highly organised person as Editorial Assistant for the Classics, Archaeology and Anthropology lists. This is an exciting opportunity to gain a thorough introduction to the process of publishing, working on a wide range of products including textbooks, handbooks, professional books, and research monographs, and across the full spectrum of sub-disciplines in Classics, Archaeology and Anthropology including the world leading Museum Studies programme.

Position is based in Milton Park, Oxfordshire.

The Late Roman Landscape of the Northern Levant

Jesse Casana. “The Late Roman Landscape of the Northern Levant: A view from Tell Qarqur and the lower Orontes River Valley.” Oxford Journal of Archaeology, volume 33, issue 2 (May 2014): pp. 193–219.


This paper presents a review and synthesis of archaeological surveys in western Syria and southern Turkey, alongside finds from recent excavations at Tell Qarqur, Syria, revealing regional patterns of late Roman settlement and land use in the lower Orontes River Valley. Survey data show that the late Roman period witnessed a peak in settlement density, with the extension of occupation into previously unoccupied areas and widespread agricultural intensification. Excavations of a typical lowland site at Tell Qarqur reveal an opulent building complex, possibly a church, with a columned hall, elaborate mosaic floor and frescoed interior. Analysis explores the process of agricultural intensification during the late Roman period, the relationship between lowland settlements and the better-known Dead Cities of the limestone massif to the east, and the ultimate abandonment of the settlement system following the seventh century AD.

journal cover

Nubian Monasteries

Nubian Monasteries is a website dedicated to Byzantine Nubia and Nubian monasteries. The website was created and is maintained by Dr. Artur Obluski, Research Associate, The Oriental Institute, University of Chicago.

The Syriac Gazetteer

The Syriac Gazetteer is a geographical reference work of for places relevant to Syriac studies. “Places relevant to Syriac Studies” include places named in Syriac texts, places interesting to historians who work on Syriac texts, and places where scholarship on Syriac is being produced. There are no temporal or spatial boundaries for the geographic database, which collects places relevant to any period of history useful for Syriac studies, from places mentioned in the Peshitta version of Genesis to places founded recently, and from ancient Edessa to Mongol-era outposts in China and diaspora communities in the United States of America.

Cappadocia: From Above and Below

Cappadocia: From Above and Below, lecture by Robert Ousterhout (University of Pennsylvania)

Following the lecture, there will be a viewing Sacred Spaces: The Photography of Ahmet Ertug, which captures the grandeur of Byzantine churches including the carved churches of Cappadocia and Hagia Sophia.

Lecture co-sponsored by the Hellenic University Club of Philadelphia and the Modern Greek Program at the University of Pennsylvania.

H. Allen Brooks Travelling Fellowship

The Society of Architectural Historians’ prestigious H. Allen Brooks Travelling Fellowship will be offered for 2014 and will allow a recent graduate or emerging scholar to study by travel for one year. The fellowship is not for the purpose of doing research for an advanced academic degree. Instead, Professor Brooks intended the recipient to study by travel and contemplation while observing, reading, writing, or sketching.

The goals are to provide an opportunity for a recent graduate with an advanced degree or an emerging scholar to

  • see and experience architecture and landscapes firsthand
  • think about their profession deeply
  • acquire knowledge useful for the recipient’s future work, contribution to their profession and contribution to society

The fellowship recipient may travel to any country or countries during the one-year period. This fellowship is funded completely by the Society of Architectural Historians’ H. Allen Brooks Travelling Fellowship Fund.

The Award
In 2014 the Brooks Fellowship will be $50,000 and will cover expenses incurred by the Brooks Fellow for one year of travel. The award is non-renewable and award amounts may vary in future years. SAH suggests that if additional financial support is needed to cover other related expenses, that the applicants contact their respective university/college, academic advisor, department head, employer or outside foundations to investigate the financial opportunities afforded them. The Award will be paid in quarterly installments.

Criteria for Application
The H. Allen Brooks Travelling Fellowship is open to a scholar who will earn a PhD or advanced terminal degree in the first half of 2014 (by June 30,2014) or an emerging scholar who was awarded a PhD or advanced terminal degree in 2013, 2012, 2011, 2010 or 2009 in a field related to the built environment. Such degrees include PhDs in the history, theory or criticism of architecture, landscape architecture, or urbanism; historic preservation; the practice of architecture, landscape architecture and urban planning; or other fields of advanced study related to the built environment including an M.Arch, MUP, MLA or a Masters in Historic Preservation program. Priority will be given to those whose chosen profession is relevant to the interests and objectives of the Society of Architectural Historians, i.e., the history of the built environment, historic preservation, conservation, and social implications of architecture, landscape architecture and urbanism.

The Fellowship is intended to be a special honor for the recipient and is to be awarded to a truly outstanding candidate, based on distinguished academic achievement, leadership potential, personal motivation and promise. This is an international fellowship so candidates from any country may apply.  All applicants must be current members of the Society of Architectural Historians. The Brooks Fellowship will be selected by the H. Allen Brooks Travelling Fellowship Committee which is appointed by the President of SAH.



for Byzantine Arts and Culture

Founded in 2010 through a generous gift from the Jaharis Family Foundation, the Mary Jaharis Center for Byzantine Art and Culture is dedicated to the promotion and advancement of knowledge about the rich heritage of Byzantine art and culture.