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Aristotle Transferred - The Ancient Greek Commentaries on Aristotle and the Transfer of Knowledge

Aristotle Transferred - The Ancient Greek Commentaries on Aristotle and the Transfer of Knowledge, Brandenburg Academy of Sciences and Humanities, Berlin, October 23–25, 2014

The conference “Aristotle transferred” challenges the concept of Richard Sorabji´s “Aristotle transformed” (Cornell University Press, 1990), i. e. the idea of distortion and of creativity that emerges (only) through transformation by suggesting a different model and instrument: the concept of “transfer”. This is derived from the basic conception of scientific history in premodern times underlying the research unit “Episteme in motion.”

The motions in which the ancient tradition is concerned with Aristotle can be described as forms of transfer of knowledge rather than of transformation. Inside traditions knowledge is moved by acts of transfer of knowledge. Text and context as well as their institutional representations and media undergo certain dynamics that are constituted by different forms of change and evolution: among which many are moving only bit by bit or subliminally away from the readings of their predecessors. The motions are determined substantially by continuity and stability. The processes of gaining knowledge and attaining higher levels of differentiated understanding of texts and philosophical concepts develop gradually and while permanently reflecting on tradition, on their hermeneutical methods and on the context in and for which the applied knowledge is built.

The schools of philosophy in Late Antiquity take part in social, political, religious, and general educational and cultural processes so that the teaching and learning in the different institutional frameworks themselves have to be analysed and viewed as acts of transfer. Emphasis needs to be put especially on the entanglement and mutual influence of institutions, hermeneutical process, media (especially oral learning and teaching), and philosophical thought.

Such readings of late ancient commentaries in Aristotle need to be systematical and historically comprehensive in order to present an overview of the different approaches towards hermeneutics, interpretation, the scientific and educational role of commentaries and philosophical teachers and their mutual influence in Late Antiquity. The conference wants to meet this challenges.

PROGRAM

Christian Historiography between Empires (4th–8th Centuries)

Christian Historiography between Empires (4th–8th Centuries),  Center for Eastern Mediterranean Studies (CEMS), Central European University, October 24–25, 2014

The conference will explore the construction of the Christian historiographic traditions from the fourth to the eighth century, between the Roman and the Sasanian empires first and, then, between Byzantium and the Islamic caliphates. The last decade has seen much development and many new results in the assessment of these historiographic traditions including some landmark publications. Byzantinists have explored new sources and approached well-known sources in innovative ways; new editorial and commentary projects are under way; sources in Oriental languages ceased to be the subject of the Orientalist disciplines and entered the major historiographic discourse; areas previously considered peripheral entered the mainstream narrative; narrative genres that previously had been neglected as having little value as historical sources, such as hagiography, have been re-evaluated. Readers have become less prone to accept everything at face value and more sensitive to hidden meanings and allusions. The present conference intends to take stock of these developments and explore the ways forward.

The Emperor Julian

The Emperor Julian, panel at the 2016 Society for Classical Studies Meeting, sponsored by the Society for Late Antiquity, San Francisco, January 7–10, 2016

Julian ruled as sole emperor for less than 20 months between November 361 and June 363; however, his reign is among of the best attested periods of ancient history, and more of his writings survive than of any previous Roman emperor. The last pagan emperor was also the first emperor born in Constantinople, and the first to have been baptized and brought up as a Christian. His religious reversal made Julian the object of intense interest debate for contemporaries such as Libanius, Gregory Nazianzen, and Ammianus Marcellinus (recently illuminated in Gregory’s case by Susanna Elm’s Sons of Hellenism, Fathers of the Church); he continued to provoke fascination throughout the Byzantine period and for historians and writers since the renaissance, including among many others Gibbon, Ibsen, and Cavafy. Interest in his religious reaction and the vivid personality revealed in his and his contemporaries’ writings has stimulated numerous popular biographies and biographically oriented scholarly works, and to some extent overshadowed literary interest in his works (though see now Nicholas Baker Brian and Shaun Tougher (eds.), Emperor and Author),or interpretation of his actions in the broader context of fourth-century political history. His context in the religious history of the period might merit further attention in the light of contrasting recent views of the religious history of the fourth century from Alan Cameron and Peter Brown. We invite proposals for papers on Julian as politician, as author, or as thinker; on the relationship between his actions and his writing; on Julian in the context of fourth-century literature and history; and on perceptions of Julian, whether by contemporaries or by later historians and creative artists.

Arguing It Out: Discussion in Byzantium III. Jews and Muslims

Arguing it out: discussion in Byzantium III. Jews and Muslims, lecture by Averil Cameron, Department of Medieval Studies, CEU, October 22 at 5:30pm

Part of the 2014 Natalie Zemon Davis Annual Lecture Series
The social and cultural history of Byzantium seems at first sight unsuited to the kind of thick description at which Natalie Zemon Davis excels. Yet recent scholarship that aims to locate Byzantine culture and society within new global and transnational approaches to history demands a more nuanced understanding. In these lectures Prof. Cameron will explore the question of what kind of thick description can be provided. She will focus on the long twelfth century, a time of intense creativity as well as of rising tensions, and one for which literary approaches are currently a lively area in current scholarship. She will argue for their integration within a broader approach to Byzantine social and cultural history focusing on discourse, and drawing on the many kinds of dialogue texts (secular and religious) that were a key feature of Byzantine textual production.

Jews and Muslims
Dialogues composed by Christians with, or rather against, Jews, and later also with Muslims, were composed in Greek from late antiquity throughout the Byzantine period. However, actual circumstances changed greatly over this long span of time.  Why did such works continue to be written and how do they relate to other types of writing? This lecture takes a broader view than lectures 1 and 2, also bearing in mind the changes after 1204, and relates these works to social and cultural circumstances in Byzantium, the west and the wider Mediterranean context. It concludes with suggestions for a more integrated social and cultural history of Byzantium.

Lecturer, Senior Lecturer, or Reader in Art History, University of Essex

The School of Philosophy and Art History at the University of Essex is pleased to invite applications for a post with the rank of Lecturer (with eligibility for permanency), Senior Lecturer, or Reader. We are well represented in 20th and 21st century art and visual culture, and particularly seek someone with expertise in the history of art, architecture, and/or visual culture between the dates of 1300 and 1850.

You will be expected to carry out a vigorous programme of independent research, to contribute broadly to teaching and supervision activities within the School, and to participate in the usual range of administrative duties. Essential qualifications for the post include: a PhD (or one awaiting examination) in Art History or a related discipline, or equivalent professional experience; evidence of research excellence; experience of teaching in a higher education environment or the demonstrable potential for excellence in teaching.

Female Bodies and Female Practitioners, Medical Traditions of the Late Antique Mediterranean World

Female Bodies and Female Practitioners in the Medical Traditions of the Late Antique Mediterranean World, Berlin, October 27–29, 2014

Gynaecology and obstetrics form an important part of human medical knowledge. As early as Graeco-Roman antiquity, gynaecology emerged as a distinct discipline within medical theory. This subfield of medical inquiry comprised a large store of ideas about anatomy (‘seeds’, embryo, sexual organs, etc.), bodily functions and physiological processes (conception, pregnancy, menstruation, etc.). Furthermore, several diseases or dysfunctions were specifically described and examples of diagnosis, prognosis and therapy were discussed and collected (e.g. by Soranus of Ephesus).

Although Galen did not write a treatise specifically about gynaecology, his immense oeuvre contains many remarks about women’s illnesses or obstetrics. These and material from Soranus and other sources, some of them now lost, were collected and used selectively by the compilers of the late antique/early Byzantine medical encyclopaedias, who also discuss the criteria for choosing the right midwife or wet-nurse. Oribasius, Aetius of Amida and Paul of Aegina all transmit earlier knowledge, some of it filtered through their own experience, and in the case of Paul it was his gynaecology in particular that made him famous in the Arab world, where he was known as ‘the Obstetrician’.

Questions about gynaecological issues in the broadest sense play an important role in the rabbinic, Talmudic tradition. This is due to the detailed commandments regarding ritual purity and other religious (halakhic) prescriptions that touch upon sexuality, pregnancy and childbirth. Since no particular work can be found which is exclusively related to gynaecology, the literary or discursive embeddedness of Talmudic passages on this topic in their differing contexts are of crucial importance.

The conference aims at discussing the emergence and transmission of gynaecological knowledge from different angles in ancient medical theory and practice. Beside the medical approach, we will consider cultural practices and socio-religious norms that enable and constrain the production and application of gynaecological know-how (e.g. certain taboos on examining or touching the female body, etc.). The role and function of female specialists (e.g. healers, midwives or wet-nurses) as objects and subjects within ancient medical discourses will also be elaborated in further detail.

The combination of topics from various disciplines will provide ample possibilities for a comparative exploration of this field. The multi-perspective approach will help to sharpen our understanding of similarities and differences between Talmudic knowledge on this topic and the medical traditions in Ancient Mesopotamian, Egyptian, Graeco-Roman, Persian, Byzantine, and Syriac cultures.

PROGRAM

Assistant Professor of Eastern Mediterranean, University of Maryland, College Park

The Department of Art History & Archaeology at the University of Maryland, College Park, invites applications for a full-time, tenure-track appointment in the art history and archaeology of the eastern Mediterranean at the rank of Assistant Professor, to begin in the fall of 2015 or as soon as possible thereafter. Candidates should be able to teach courses in the field of eastern Mediterranean art history, architecture, and archaeology and should demonstrate high scholarly potential. (Candidates’ specialization may fall in any geographical area of the eastern Mediterranean and in any time period from the Iron Age to Late Antiquity.) Interest in cross-disciplinary teaching and research with faculty in other fields at the University of Maryland, as well as collaboration with curators at area museums, will be welcome. Candidates should have an interdisciplinary specialization in the art, archaeology, and sociocultural history of the eastern Mediterranean. A Ph.D. in Art History or a related field is required for appointment.

Faculty are expected to make significant contributions to knowledge through innovative research and publication, to teach and advise with excellence at the undergraduate and graduate levels, and to fulfill reasonable service obligations to the academic and local communities. We are looking for outstanding scholars with an interest in the broad context of the history of art and architecture in the eastern Mediterranean and who are committed to contributing diverse perspectives to the department, the university, and the community.

Post-Doctoral Research Associate, UMass Amherst

The University of Massachusetts Amherst invites applicants for a Mellon Post-Doctoral Fellowship linked to the Sawyer Seminar, “Beyond Medieval and Modern: Rethinking Global Paradigms of Political Economy and Culture.” We seek a humanist or social scientist studying global connectivities within alternative periodizations or mappings of world history, political economy, or culture.  We especially welcome applications from scholars with knowledge of  world historiography who:  study periods before western European hegemony and/or regions outside of western Europe, and give attention to the role of these periods or places in the so-called “rise of modernity” after 1500 (including any of its dimensions--political, cultural, economic, ideological).

Responsibilities: Participate in the full seminar series (including seminar paper presentation, public lecture, and attendance at all events); help to organize seminar events; mentor graduate students, individually and in a multi-meeting research workshop.  No formal teaching.  The fellow will also be assigned a faculty mentor, affiliated with an appropriate department in the Humanities or Social Sciences.

Charlotte Newcombe Doctoral Dissertation Fellowship

The Charlotte W. Newcombe Doctoral Dissertation Fellowships are designed to encourage original and significant study of ethical or religious values in all fields of the humanities and social sciences, and particularly to help Ph.D. candidates in these fields complete their dissertation work in a timely manner. In addition to topics in religious studies or in ethics (philosophical or religious), dissertations appropriate to the Newcombe Fellowship competition might explore the ethical implications of foreign policy, the values influencing political decisions, the moral codes of other cultures, and religious or ethical issues reflected in history or literature.

Since the first round of competition in 1981, more than 1,100 Newcombe Fellows have been named. Fellows from early years of the program are now senior faculty members at major research universities and selective liberal arts colleges, curators and directors at significant scholarly archives, and leaders and policymakers at nonprofit organizations and in cabinet-level government agencies. In the past decade, national honors such as the MacArthur Fellowship, the Guggenheim Fellowship, and election to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences have been accorded to more than a dozen Newcombe Fellows—a number that will continue to grow as more and more Fellows enter the most productive phases of their careers.

The Newcombe Fellowships are provided to Ph.D. candidates at American institutions located in the United States who will complete their dissertations during the academic year 2015-2016. In the current Newcombe competition, at least 22 non-renewable Fellowships of $25,000 will be awarded for 12 months of full-time dissertation writing; in addition, Fellows' graduate schools will be asked to waive tuition and/or remit some portion of their fees. Successful candidates will be notified, and the public announcement of new Fellows made, in spring 2015.

Travellers, Merchants and Settlers in the Eastern Mediterranean, 11th–14th Centuries

…he author’s layered categorisations explore Westerners’ interactions with the local social, cultural, economic, and political environment(s). Such a framework helps to open up room for more nuanced understandings of the Eastern Mediterranean between the 11th century and the 14th century.

David Jacoby. Travellers, Merchants and Settlers in the Eastern Mediterranean, 11th–14th Centuries. Ashgate, 2014.

From Reviews in History. Review by Wei-sheng Lin, University of Birmingham

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Research Fellowships, Magdalene College, Cambridge

The Governing Body of Magdalene College expects to elect two stipendiary Research Fellows with tenure for three years from 1 October 2015. (The Nevile Fellowship, endowed through the generosity of Trinity College, Cambridge, will be in the Sciences; the Lumley Fellowship, endowed through the generosity of H R L Lumley, will be in the Humanities).

Applications are invited from graduates, male or female, from any university. Candidates should normally have completed two or three years of research and may have written a PhD dissertation.

Junior Research Fellowships, University of Cambridge

Applications are invited for Junior Research Fellowships in arts and social science subjects. These will normally be tenable for three years from 1 October 2015. The Fellowships are open to graduates, men or women, of any University, with no age limit, but will normally be awarded to candidates who have recently completed their PhD or are close to completion. The function of these Fellowships is as initial (normally) post-doctoral positions appropriate to the start of an academic career.

Churchill College, Fitzwilliam College, Murray Edwards College, Selwyn College, St Edmund’s College and Trinity Hall operate a Joint Application Scheme for Junior Research Fellowships. Applications will be considered by all Colleges offering Fellowships in the relevant subject.

Medieval Greek Summer Session, Gennadius Library

Medieval Greek Summer Session, Gennadius Library, Athens, June 30–July 29, 2015

The Gennadius Library of the American School of Classical Studies at Athens announces the 2015 summer session focused on the teaching of Medieval Greek.

The month-long program for Medieval Greek at the Intermediate Level from June 30 to July 29, 2015 will include daily analysis and translation of Byzantine texts; paleography; introduction to the bibliography of Byzantine philology and electronic resources; introduction to the collections of the Gennadius Library; visits to area museums and libraries including the Byzantine, the Benaki, and the Epigraphical Museum and the National Library; visits to sites, museums, and monuments outside Athens including Corinth, Mistra, Thessaloniki, and Hosios Loukas; and individual tutorials and assignments for each student determined by his/her specific needs and field of study. The language of instruction is English. Plan to arrive on June 29 and depart on July 30.

ELIGIBILITY
The program is offered at the intermediate level, and will be geared to twelve qualified students enrolled in a graduate program in any field of late antique, post-antique, Byzantine or medieval studies at any university worldwide. A minimum of two years of college level Classical Greek (or the equivalent) is required. If there are available slots, college professors in any university worldwide, who have no access to the instruction of Medieval Greek in their home institutions, may also be considered. A diagnostic test (available electronically) may be administered to finalists before the final selection of students is made.

ACADEMIC CREDIT
The American School is not a degree-granting institution. No grades are given for its programs, nor are transcripts provided. An optional final exam at the end of the program may be provided if requested, and the directors will write a letter to the participant’s home institution, if requested, recommending that credit be granted, provided that the student has satisfactorily participated in the program and passed the final exam.

COSTS AND SCHOLARSHIPS (Pending Funding)
In previous years, a generous grant from the A.G. Leventis Foundation has made possible up to 12 full scholarships for the Medieval Greek Summer Session. These Leventis Foundation scholarships will cover the costs of tuition and fees, lodging for the entire period, travel with the program within Greece, and museum and site fees. International airfare to and from Greece, meals, and incidental expenses are the participant’s responsibility.

Greek Medical Texts and Their Audience

Greek Medical Texts and Their Audience: Perception, Transmission, Reception, King’s College London, December 12–13, 2014

The idea that every text is meant to appeal to a certain audience is not a new one, but it is only recently that it has engaged much scholarly discussion, especially in light of the application of reception theory to literary works. This conference, convened by Petros Bouras-Vallianatos (King's College London) and Sophia Xenophontos (University of Glasgow), seeks to examine the interplay between Greek medical texts and their contemporary readers. Special attention will be given to the reception of these texts in later periods (for instance Late Antiquity and Byzantium) including the Syriac and Islamic tradition.

We aim to explore the following topics:

  • How do medical authors adjust their text according to the needs and expectations of their audience? (structure of medical texts and medical subgenres as aspects determining wide vs specialised readership)
  • Other conditions that may regulate, control, or limit the reception of medical writings (e.g. background of author and reader, degree of shared memory between them)
  • Deciphering medical texts; mechanisms for activating or enhancing the reader’s memory (e.g. rhetorics, visual representations, diagrams)
  • Cognitive and emotional responses to medical works
  • Translators/editors and their role in the transmission and reception of medical texts
  • Commentaries, scholia, paraphrases

PROGRAM

Coptic Art, Dikran Kelekian, and Milton Avery

Coptic Art, Dikran Kelekian, and Milton Avery,The Metropolitan Museum of Art, August 11, 2014–September 7, 2015

A 1943 portrait by the renowned modern American painter Milton Avery (1885–1965) of his friend Dikran Kelekian—a noted collector of modern paintings, Coptic, and Islamic art, and an influential dealer in Middle Eastern art of all periods—is the centerpiece of this installation. It is shown alongside twenty textiles and decorative objects created in Egypt between 300 and 800 A.D. Many are from the collection of works from Egypt that Kelekian began to acquire in the late 1800s. In addition to textile fragments, the installation includes a statuette, a necklace, and a comb.

The presentation presents one example of Kelekian's success in encouraging contemporary artists to become interested in ancient art, especially Coptic art. Avery depicts the dealer before a background decorated with sketchily drawn Coptic textile patterns that are arranged as if roughly sewn together into a hanging. The motifs are similar to those on works in the exhibition.

Kelekian's generation called the works Coptic in reference to Egypt's dominant Christian community at the time they were discovered in burial sites in the late nineteenth century. Their motifs referring to Greek and Roman mythology were associated with the conquest of Egypt by Alexander the Great in 332 B.C. Recent research places these works within the larger sphere of Mediterranean culture, as they are displayed at the Met, rather than limiting them to being an Egyptian Coptic phenomenon.

Dikran Garabed Kelekian (1868–1951) was born in the Armenian community in Kayseri, when it was an important city of the Ottoman Empire. After opening a gallery in Istanbul in 1892, he showed "Persian" works at the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago in 1893. He and his brother Kevork went on to establish galleries in Paris, London, Cairo, and New York that attracted the major collectors of their time. He cultivated friendships with artists including Milton Avery as well as Mary Cassatt, Marsden Hartley, Henri Matisse, Pablo Picasso, and John Singer Sargent, among others. His American clients included such collectors as George Blumenthal, H. O. and Louisine Havemeyer (whom he escorted through Egypt), and John D. Rockefeller, Jr. (to whom he sold monumental friezes from the palace of Ashurnasirpal II at Nimrud, which Rockefeller eventually gave to the Metropolitan Museum). A small faience statue of a hippopotamus—the Museum's unofficial mascot, known as "William"—was also owned by Kelekian before it was acquired by the Metropolitan.

Milton Avery (1885–1965) was an American artist who came to Kelekian's attention in the dealer's old age. Avery and his friend Marsden Hartley knew Kelekian while he was in New York. Avery's portrait of Kelekian was first shown in the exhibition Kelekian as the Artist Sees Him, held at the Durand-Ruel Galleries in New York in 1944.

2015 ASOR Annual Meeting

2015 ASOR Annual Meeting, Atlanta, GA, November 18–21, 2015

ASOR members may propose Member-Organized Sessions around a specific theme, or Workshop Sessions that minimize formal presentation in favor of open discussion. Sessions and workshops may be approved for up to 3 years and can accommodate presenters invited by the session chair as well as papers submitted by ASOR members (with the approval of the session chair).

In the Shadow of the Nation: A Critical Approach to the Issue of ‘Byzantine Identity’

In the Shadow of the Nation: A Critical Approach to the Issue of ‘Byzantine Identity,’ Seeger Center for Hellenic Studies, Princeton University, October 17, 2014, at 1:30

Workshop convened by Yannis Stouraitis, University of Vienna, Visiting Research Fellow, Hellenic Studies

Respondent: Helmut Reimitz, History

The intensive sociological debate over the concepts of ethnie and nation during the last three decades or so is marked by efforts to extensively revise or even dismiss the dominant modernist paradigm regarding the emergence of the phenomena nationhood and nation-state. These theoretical developments are not irrelevant to medievalist research on collective identity in the so-called Byzantine Empire. In summarizing my arguments in two current publications on Romanness in Byzantium, I shall present my critical approach to both aforementioned theses and suggest that the conceptualization of collective identity (or identities) in this medieval social order needs to be disconnected from essentialist and reifying views on perennial ethnicity as well as from a toothless application of the analytical categories nation and nation-state.

Yannies Stouraitis is a full-time researcher and adjunct lecturer at the Institute for Byzantine and Modern Greek Studies at the University of Vienna. He obtained his B.A. in History (1999) and M.A. in Medieval Studies (2002) from the University of Ioannina, and received his Ph.D. in Byzantine History from the University of Vienna (2007). He is the author of the monograph Krieg und Frieden in der politischen und ideologischen Wahrnehmung in Byzanz (7.–11. Jahrhundert) (2009) and co-editor of the book Byzantine war ideology between Roman Imperial Concept and Christian Religion (2012). He is now preparing a new monograph on the socio-ideological background of Byzantine warfare during the Crusades (1081–1204). His current research focuses on questions of subaltern ideology, social power and collective identities in the post-sixth century Byzantine world.

Liturgical Subjects

Derek Krueger. Liturgical Subjects: Christian Ritual, Biblical Narrative, and the Formation of the Self in Byzantium. University of Pennsylvania Press, 2014.

From University of Pennsylvania Press

Liturgical Subjects examines the history of the self in the Byzantine Empire, challenging narratives of Christian subjectivity that focus only on classical antiquity and the Western Middle Ages. As Derek Krueger demonstrates, Orthodox Christian interior life was profoundly shaped by patterns of worship introduced and disseminated by Byzantine clergy. Hymns, prayers, and sermons transmitted complex emotional responses to biblical stories, particularly during Lent. Religious services and religious art taught congregants who they were in relation to God and each other.

Focusing on Christian practice in Constantinople from the sixth to eleventh centuries, Krueger charts the impact of the liturgical calendar, the eucharistic rite, hymns for vigils and festivals, and scenes from the life of Christ on the making of Christian selves. He explores the verse of great Byzantine liturgical poets, including Romanos the Melodist, Andrew of Crete, Theodore the Stoudite, and Symeon the New Theologian. Their compositions offered templates for Christian self-regard and self-criticism, defining the Christian "I." Cantors, choirs, and congregations sang in the first person singular expressing guilt and repentence, while prayers and sermons defined the collective identity of the Christian community as sinners in need of salvation. By examining the way models of selfhood were formed, performed, and transmitted in the Byzantine Empire, Liturgical Subjects adds a vital dimension to the history of the self in Western culture.

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Senior Scholar in Residence at CAARI

An established scholar who commits to stay at least 30 days in succession at the Cyprus American Archaeological Research Institute (CAARI), ideally during the summer months, and to be available in evenings and weekends to younger scholars working there, in return for 50% reduction in residency rate. Must have PhD in archaeology or ancillary field for at least 5 years prior to visit, be fluent in English (but may be of any nationality), and be committed to mentoring students. Travel and other expenses are not covered.

CARRI/CAORC Research Fellowships

Two fellowships funded by the U.S. Department of State Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs through a grant from the Council of American Overseas Research Centers. The fellowships provide US $5500 each and are designed for scholars in the humanities, social sciences, and related natural sciences who already have their PhDs, whose research engages the archaeology, history, culture, or geography of Cyprus, and who would derive significant benefit from a month’s research time on the island. Recipients will receive up to US $1500 to be used for transportation and an additional US $4000 for research expenses on the island. Particular consideration will be given to applicants whose projects will enable them to include Cyprus in their teaching. A minimum of 30 days residence at the Cyprus American Archaeological Research Institute (CAARI) is required. Recipients will present a public lecture or workshop on their research at CAARI during their residency, file a report on their project at its conclusion, and acknowledge CAARI in publications resulting from research done there. Applicants must be U.S. citizens.

CAARI Graduate Student Fellowships

The Cyprus American Archaeological Research Institute (CAARI) in Nicosia, Cyprus sponsors three fellowships for graduate students whose research requires work on Cyprus itself. Residence at CAARI is required for all graduate student fellowships.

The Danielle Parks Memorial Fellowship
This is a fellowship of US $1,000 for a graduate student of any nationality who needs to work in Cyprus to further his/her research on a subject of relevance to Cypriot archaeology and culture. The purpose of the fellowship is to help cover travel to and living expenses in Cyprus. Applications are invited especially from students of Hellenistic and Roman Cyprus. During his/her stay, the fellow is expected to give a presentation at CAARI on a subject related to his/her research.

The Helena Wylde Swiny and Stuart Swiny Fellowship
One grant of US $1,000 to a graduate student of any nationality in a college or university in the U.S. or Canada to pursue a research project that is relevant to an ongoing field project in Cyprus or that requires work on Cyprus itself. The award is to be used to fund research time spent in residence at CAARI and to help defray costs of travel.

The Anita Cecil O’Donovan Fellowship
Founded in memory of musician, composer, and homemaker Anita Cecil O'Donovan, this fellowship offers one grant of US $1000 to a graduate student of any nationality, enrolled in a graduate program in any nation, to pursue research on a project relevant to the archaeology and/or culture of Cyprus; to be used to fund a period of research time in residence at CAARI and to help defray costs of travel.

Movement in Medieval Art and Architecture

Movement in Medieval Art and Architecture, 20th Annual Medieval Postgraduate Student Colloquium, The Courtauld Institute of Art, February 7, 2015

Pilgrimage, wars and trade are key components of the Middle Ages and all embody movement. This colloquium aims at exploring the importance of movement in the creative processes of medieval art and architecture. Participants are invited to interpret the notion of movement especially in relation to itinerant artists and workshops, the circulation of artworks and the transmission of ideas. Movement will be questioned as a transformative and creative agent in art, in theory as well as in practice. This theme can be expanded to include both local and trans-cultural outcomes of exchanges, ranging from adoption to compromise and rejection. All these encounters show that movement was essential in the creation of art and architecture, whether in Europe, in the Byzantine Empire or beyond, coinciding with the emergence of new artistic trends and reciprocal influences.

Possible topics may include, but are not limited to:

the circulation of artifacts via diplomatic relations and trade routes
the spread of new technologies
the diffusion of iconographical themes
the dissemination of architectonic vocabulary
the role played by drawings in the transmission of art and architecture

The Medieval Colloquium offers the opportunity for Research Students at all levels from universities across the UK and abroad to present and promote their research. Unfortunately funding for speakers is not available.

Liturgical, Theological, Architectural, and Art Historical Perspectives on the Ethiopian Church

Solve Calceamentum de Pedibus Tuis: Locus Enim, in Quo Stas, Terra Sancta Est’ (exod. 3: 5): Liturgical, Theological, Architectural, and Art Historical Perspectives on the Ethiopian Church, The Courtauld Institute of Art, November 27, 2014, 6–8 pm

The Ethiopian Church, today known as the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church, is unique in many ways. The first part of this seminar will provide an overview of the rich history of Christianity in Ethiopia, following its official espousal in the fourth century, then will explore the role and significance of the tabot (Ark of the Covenant) in the Ethiopian Church. The second part of the seminar will examine how the theology and spirituality of the Ethiopian Church have shaped certain aspects of Ethiopian medieval iconography.

Speakers:

Dr. Erica C D Hunter is Senior Lecturer in Eastern Christianity, Department for the Study of Religions, at the School of Oriental and African Studies (SOAS), University of London.

Jacopo Gnisci is an art historian specialising in Ethiopian art. His current research focuses on representations of the Passion in Ethiopia between the thirteenth and the early sixteenth centuries.

Part of the Sacred Traditions and the Arts Seminar

Assistant Professor, Late Antiquity/Early Medieval Europe, The Citadel

The Citadel invites applications for a tenure-track position in Late Antiquity or early medieval Europe at the rank of assistant professor. Teaching responsibilities will include upper-level and graduate courses in the applicant’s area of specialization, as well as either the World or the Western civilization core curriculum courses. The standard teaching load is four classes per semester, consisting usually of two preparations. A commitment to undergraduate teaching and demonstrated scholarly activity or its promise are sought. Ph.D. by date of employment is strongly preferred. The department offers a full range of courses in the undergraduate program attended by approximately 2,300 students, and an MA degree is offered jointly with the College of Charleston.

Assistant Professor, Mediterranean History, California Lutheran University

The Department of History at California Lutheran University invites applications for a full-time, tenure-track position as assistant professor, beginning August 2015. The position is designed for specialists in Mediterranean History from the classical period through the medieval and into the modern era.  Candidates should demonstrate a commitment to studying the Mediterranean as a region of transnational and transcultural histories relevant for to global relations today.  The successful candidate will have a doctorate (or be ABD) from an accredited university (PhD preferred). The department is seeking broadly trained candidates to teach introductory courses and upper-level courses in Mediterranean History, as well as World History, with secondary fields in Latin America, Africa, the Middle East or South Asia. A normal teaching load includes some combination of sections of lower division World Civilization surveys as well as upper level courses in the candidate’s areas of specialization, as well as courses required by the department. The ideal candidate will have demonstrated excellence in undergraduate teaching, begun to produce significant scholarship, and be willing to become actively involved in the life of the university including advising and mentoring students.  Commitment to the liberal arts and interest in interdisciplinary studies will also be highly valued.

Moses and Mary Finley Research Fellowship, Darwin College, Cambridge

Thanks to a bequest in the Will of Sir Moses and Lady Finley, Darwin College is able to elect a stipendiary Research Fellow. In addition, Sir Moses bequeathed his personal library to the College to further the research of the successful candidate. The Fellowship is restricted to research into the ancient history of the Mediterranean world and/or the near East, down to the end of the 6th century AD. Preference will be given to those whose interests coincide with those of the late Sir Moses Finley.

Byzantine Valhalla: The Life and Death of the Church of the Holy Apostles

Byzantine Valhalla: The Life and Death of the Church of the Holy Apostles, lecture by Jonathan Harris (Royal Holloway, University of London), Windsor Building Auditorium, Royal Holloway, University of London, October 27, 2014, at 6:15 pm

The Holy Apostles was the second largest church in Byzantine Constantinople. Consecrated in 370 CE, it housed the tombs of Emperor Constantine I and his successors and stood for a thousand years until the Ottoman conquest of 1453. This lecture will reconstruct the building’s appearance and trace its role both in imperial ceremonial and the very murky world of Byzantine politics.

New Issue of Journal of Late Antiquity

Journal of Late Antiquity, volume 7, no. 1 (Spring 2014)

CONTENTS

Gregory of Tours and the Paternity of Chlothar II: Strategies of Legitimation in the Merovingian Kingdoms
E. T. Dailey
A Two-Sided Mold and the Entrepreneurial Spirit of Pilgrimage Souvenir Production in Late Antique Syria–Palestine
Rangar H. Cline
Julian, Arles, and the Eagle
David Woods
The Crucifixion as Theophany: Divine Visions in a Sermon by Anastasius Sinaita and on the Apse Wall of Santa Maria Antiqua
Armin F. Bergmeier
The Severitas of Constantine: Imperial Virtues in Panegyrici Latini 7(6) and 6(7)
Catherine Ware
Greek Glory, Constantinian Legend: Praxagoras’ Athenian Agenda in Zosimos New History?
Dimitris Krallis
Modeling a Martyrial Worldview: Prudentius’ Pedagogical Ekphrasis and Christianization
Diane Fruchtman
Antony’s Vision of Death?: Athanasius of Alexandria, Palladius of Helenopolis, and Egyptian Mortuary Religion
Jonathan L. Zecher

BOOK REVIEWS

From Rome to Byzantium, AD 363 to 565: The Transformation of Ancient Rome by A. D. Lee
Shane Bjornlie
From Shame to Sin: The Christian Transformation of Sexual Morality in Late Antiquity by Kyle Harper
Virginia Burrus
Disciplining Christians: Correction and Community in Augustine’s Letters by Jennifer Ebbeler
Catherine Conybeare 
Staying Roman: Conquest and Identity in Africa and the Mediterranean, 439–700 by Jonathan Conant
Chris Doyle
Slandering the Jew: Sexuality and Difference in Early Christian Texts by Susanna Drake
Andrew S. Jacobs
Angels in Late Ancient Christianity by Ellen Muehlberger
Heidi Marx-Wolf
The Throne of Adulis: Red Sea Wars on the Eve of Islam by G.W. Bowersock
Fergus Millar
The Petra Papyri IV ed. by Antti Arjava et al., and: The Petra Papyri II eds. by Ludwig Koenen, Jorma Kaimio, Robert W. Daniel
Hagith Sivan
Repentance in Late Antiquity: Eastern Asceticism and the Framing of the Christian Life c. 400–650 CE by Alexis Torrance
Kevin Uhalde

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New Issue of Journal of Eastern Mediterranean Archaeology & Heritage Studies

Journal of Eastern Mediterranean Archaeology & Heritage Studies, volume 2, no. 3 (2014)

CONTENTS INCLUDE

The Byzantine Church of Khirbet et-Tireh
Salah H. Al-Houdalieh

Khirbet et-Tireh was inhabited from the Hellenistic to Early Islamic periods and was later used for agriculture through the Ottoman period to the modern times. It suffered severe damage due to urban development and looting over the past two centuries, resulting in the irretrievable loss of at least three-quarters of its archaeological remains. The surviving ruins include a Byzantine-era church, villa, and monastery, fortifications, a rock-cut reservoir, burial caves, a rock-cut olive press, a wine press, and several dry-stone terrace walls. The following article describes the site’s current state, the efforts to uncover and preserve what remains, and an assessment of the recent destruction, particularly on the church, which is the focus here.

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THE MARY JAHARIS CENTER
for Byzantine Arts and Culture

Founded in 2010 through a generous gift from the Jaharis Family Foundation, the Mary Jaharis Center for Byzantine Art and Culture is dedicated to the promotion and advancement of knowledge about the rich heritage of Byzantine art and culture.

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